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Pinus Wallichiana (Himalayan pine, Blue pine)

Pinus Wallichiana (Himalayan pine, Blue pine)

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Pinus wallichiana, also known as Bhutan Pine or Pinus griffithii, is a captivating evergreen tree that hails from the Himalayan region. With its soft, long needles and graceful form, this tree has earned its place as an elegant and sought-after specimen tree. Ready to know more?

Appearance and characteristics of Bhutan Pine

Bhutan Pine is known for its stately presence, reaching a mature height of 12 to 17 meters (about 40 to 55 feet). It forms a pyramid-like shape at maturity, making it a captivating focal point in any landscape.

One of the defining features of this tree is its long, slender needles, which are soft to the touch. These bluish-green needles add a subtle hint of blue to the canopy. They grow in clusters of five, creating a lush, feathery texture.

Bhutan Pine produces elongated, cylindrical cones. These cones start out green and gradually mature to a warm brown hue. As they mature, they open to release winged seeds, contributing to the tree's reproduction.

Where to grow Pinus Wallichiana

Pinus wallichiana thrives in a variety of well-drained soils, making it a versatile choice for large gardens and parkland settings. Its adaptability to different soil types and conditions adds to its allure as a landscaping tree.

Cultural significance of Bhutan Pine

Beyond its ornamental appeal, Bhutan Pine holds cultural importance. It was introduced from the Himalayas in the 1820s and has since become a cherished addition to landscapes around the world. Its name, "wallichiana," pays homage to the Danish botanist and surgeon Nathaniel Wallich, who made significant contributions to Bhutan during the 1800s.

Interesting facts about Pinus wallichiana

The native range of Pinus wallichiana stretches from Afghanistan to parts of China, where it thrives at altitudes exceeding 4,000 meters. Its name pays tribute to the work of Nathaniel Wallich, who made significant contributions to Bhutan during the 1800s.

  • This tree shines as a single specimen in larger gardens or as part of a well-spaced group for creating screens.
  • It thrives in full sun with well-drained soil.
  • While hardy, it benefits from protection against strong winds.
  • Bhutan Pine prefers neutral to acidic soils.

Pinus Wallichiana’s unique traits

The Bhutan Pine is instantly recognizable by its tufts of long, blue-green needles that gracefully hang from its branches. Unlike many other pine species, this tree retains its lower branches when planted in open spaces, making it an excellent choice for screening purposes.


For the continued health and growth of Bhutan Pine and similar trees, proper aftercare is essential. This includes regular watering, weed control, mulching, and staking to ensure the tree's stability and well-being.

Pinus wallichiana, the Bhutan Pine, is a majestic and culturally significant tree. Its striking appearance and soft, blue-green needles make it a prized addition to landscapes. When cared for correctly, it flourishes in various settings and continues to captivate admirers with its beauty and grace.